Location of The Mexican Caribbean
Quintana Roo sits on a plain of marine origin, as does the whole of the Yucatan peninsula, of which it is a part. Under its surface, which is predominantly limestone, there is an abundance of underground rivers which come to the surface of the earth’s crust in the form of cenotes. These are bodies of fresh water usually surrounded by caves, formed due to the erosion of the rock by water. Most of the state is covered by low altitude jungle. There are no mountains and its low altitude highlands only reach a height of 60 metres above sea level. There are few surface rivers and some lagoons, the most outstanding of which is the Bacalar Lagoon, or Lagoon of Seven Colours..
Completing Quintana Roo’s geographical wealth is its 856 km long coastline, of which 700 kms are bathed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea. Enormous stretches of white sand are bordered by dense emerald jungle on one side and an incredible turquoise sea on the other. Among the beaches on the coast there are coves, natural aquariums, bays and protected nature parks.
Part of the second largest coral reef in the world, the Great Mayan Reef, belongs to Quintana Roo. It has a total length of one thousand kilometres, of which 350 belong to Quintana Roo. It is made up of an impressive formation of marine corals and is the habitat of numerous species of fauna and flora. Some parts reach astonishing depths, only possible thanks to the transparency of the waters that permits the entry of the sun’s rays, which is necessary for the coral to grow.